Added on Apr 25, 2012
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The Carnation Revolution (Revolução dos Cravos in Portuguese) was a civillian-backed military coup by the Portuguese people against colonialism. People demonstrated in the streets on April 25th, 1974 by placing a red carnation in the ends of the military's guns. Before the end of the day most of the military had joined the civilians and marched on the capital and the few remaining loyal soldiers and hired bodyguards/mercenaries. Although there were many events precipitating the Carnation Revolution, the protests themselves returned democracy to Portugal, ending the Kingdom of Portugal, practically eliminating the Portuguese empire overnight and beginning a new chapter as the democratic nation of Portugal.